Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior. Laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or by judges through binding precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.

A general distinction can be made between (a) civil law jurisdictions (including Catholic canon law and socialist law), in which the legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates their laws, and (b) common law systems, where judge-made precedent is accepted as binding law. Historically, religious laws played a significant role even in settling of secular matters, which is still the case in some religious communities, particularly Jewish, and some countries, particularly Islamic. Islamic Sharia law is the world's most widely used religious law.

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Latest News for: Law citizens


Judge should have given terrorist U.S. citizenship she assumed, says Noah Feldman

Atlantic City 22 Nov 2019
government, relying on a technicality, has stripped her of her passport and told her that she and her son are not citizens ... law doesn’t have provisions specifically for taking away citizenship once it is conferred, except if it was obtained by fraud ... law, children of active diplomats don’t become citizens even when born in the U.S....

Explained: Why govt stripped Telangana MLA Chennamaneni Ramesh of his Indian citizenship

Yahoo Daily News 22 Nov 2019
A son of freedom fighter parents, Ramesh has been a citizen of Germany in the past, and had acquired Indian citizenship in 2009 ... The law, however, also provides for checks to ensure that citizenship is not cancelled arbitrarily ... ...It is a well-known canon of law that ‘Caesar’s wife should be above suspicion’.”....

India’s original sin

Business Line 22 Nov 2019
Equality before the law was a promise India made to all citizens seven decades ago ... A point of reference is the SC’s Shah Bano judgment in 1986, which extended to a woman divorced under Muslim customary law the protection of maintenance paid by her former husband ... of the law....

No exemptions in smoking ban, minister says

Kathimerini 22 Nov 2019
“We all know that governments in the past did not dare to fully enforce the law,” Kontozamanis told Skai ... Out of a total of 347 calls to the Health Ministry’s 1142 hotline, 108 were from citizens asking for information on the law, 87 were reports of alleged violations and 55 were from people asking for help to quit smoking....

Outcry as Japanese TV Show Mocks Transgender Woman

Human Rights 22 Nov 2019
But a society that often misunderstands and objectifies them is only the beginning – Japan’s legal system also treats trans people like second-class citizens ... Human Rights Watch has interviewed dozens of people who do not want to undergo these procedures – they just want to be recognized before the law as equal citizens....

Institutions must respect law Cubbon Park

Deccan Herald 22 Nov 2019
Laws and regulations are meant to maintain a certain order in human activities. Unfortunately, in countries like India, laws are violated with impunity ... Although the order specifies that the construction is to be put up “as per revised plan without cutting any tree”, it is contrary to the law....

No Exceptions in Greece’s Tough No Smoking Law Crackdown

The National Herald 22 Nov 2019
Some large nightclubs and other venues had asked to be exempted because they have allowed smoking in defiance of the law, but Kontozamnis said that wouldn’t happen ... 20, some 108 were from citizens asking for information on the law, 87 reporting violations and 55 were from people asking for help to quit smoking....

China unveils plan for tackling population aging

People Daily 22 Nov 2019
The plan also values the application of technology in responding to population aging including strengthening the development of assistive technologies for senior citizens ... The legal system will be improved to protect the lawful rights and interests of senior citizens....

Officials, citizens learn more at Open Records seminar

McAlester News-Capital 22 Nov 2019
Public officials and citizens from across the area learned more about how government can be more transparent — and the laws they must follow regarding open records and open meetings ...It’s important for both citizens and for the public officials because these are our meetings and these are our records, collectively,” Thomas said....

Policy | India is ill-prepared to use facial recognition sans a legal framework

Moneycontrol 22 Nov 2019
To restrict the abuse of the technology, India needs to have a proper law that regulates facial recognition before law enforcement agencies use the technology ... The government should prohibit the use of facial recognition in any form until it formalises a law to govern it, securing personal data of its citizens and ensuring their privacy....

Vietnam lawmakers reach high concensus on personnel decisions

Xinhua 22 Nov 2019
On Friday, the NA also passed three laws, namely the Law amending and supplementing some articles of the Law on Government Organization and the Law on Local Administration Organization with 89.23 percent approval, the Law on Exit and Entry of Vietnamese Citizens with 91.51 ......

Letter to the editor: Nov. 22, 2019

The News-Enterprise 22 Nov 2019
Bill of Rights addresses ‘red flag’ laws. Proposed “red flag” laws are unconstitutional. The Fourth Amendment of the Bill of Rights prohibits citizens from either being searched without reasonable suspicion or having property seized without due process of law ... Such laws have been ......

US Hong Kong bill nothing but a vain attempt to interfere in China's internal affairs

People Daily 22 Nov 2019
They have not only seriously infringed upon the personal safety, freedom of speech and other basic human rights of the Hong Kong citizens, including the police officers, but also undermined the rule of law and social order, wreaked havoc on Hong Kong's prosperity and stability, ......