Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior. Laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or by judges through binding precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.

A general distinction can be made between (a) civil law jurisdictions (including Catholic canon law and socialist law), in which the legislature or other central body codifies and consolidates their laws, and (b) common law systems, where judge-made precedent is accepted as binding law. Historically, religious laws played a significant role even in settling of secular matters, which is still the case in some religious communities, particularly Jewish, and some countries, particularly Islamic. Islamic Sharia law is the world's most widely used religious law.

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Latest News for: Law citizens


Zelensky speaks out on travel ban for Ukrainian men

Russia Today 16 Aug 2022
Kiev will not allow male citizens without combat experience to leave the country until martial law is lifted ... Zelensky replied by pointing to Article 64 of the constitution, which states that freedom of movement may be limited for Ukrainian citizens in the event of an emergency or the introduction of martial law....

Villafuerte urges BBM team to raise pensions for seniors

Manila Standard 16 Aug 2022
... senior citizens. An estimated four million indigent senior citizens now receive a pension of P500 a month ... The law provides the monthly pension of qualified senior citizens under the Social Pension for Indigent Senior Citizens program of the government will become P1,000 from P500....

Time to pass Bill seeking to amend Constitution — NIA

Jamaica Observer 16 Aug 2022
"It is citizens' engagement that led the courts to put a stop order in 2022, than in any year before, on construction of high-rise buildings to the detriment of home owners and in violation of relevant laws and regulations — citizens engagement brought the courts to take that ......

Ex-Vancouver newspaper editor of Sing Tao on Hong Kong’s most wanted list

Toronto Sun 16 Aug 2022
The group said it is relieved that Canada has suspended its extradition agreement with Hong Kong since the National Security Law was implemented, but it is “still alarmed by the fact that a Canadian citizen exercising freedom of expression and freedom of association in our country could land on the Hong Kong government’s wanted list.”....

Latvian Authorities 'Conceptually Agreed' Not to Renew Residence Permits for Russians

Urdu Point 16 Aug 2022
We are waiting for a draft law from the Ministry of Internal Affairs," Karins said on Twitter....

First principles should guide India’s privacy law | Mint

Live Mint 16 Aug 2022
A data protection law, as has been enacted in several Western jurisdictions, is what citizens need ... The idea of such a law draws from a 2017 Supreme Court judgement that upheld the right to privacy as a part of our fundamental rights to life and liberty ... But the law introduced in Parliament a year later saw a considerable weakening of safeguards....

Lochner: Clashing Judicial Views and the State Police Powers

Williston Herald 16 Aug 2022
His opinion propelled “the general rule of absolute liberty of the individual to contract” into the upper echelon of constitutional doctrine, and it transformed due process of law into a shield from state regulation of economic activity ... Finally, “it is settled that laws may regulate life in many ways that interfere with liberty to contract.”....

CDC adds Russia to COVID travel warning list

The Hill 16 Aug 2022
citizens by Russian government security officials, the singling out of U.S. citizens in Russia by Russian government security officials including for detention, the arbitrary enforcement of local law, limited flights into and out of Russia, the Embassy’s limited ability to assist U.S....

WATCH: Judge Jessica Recksiedler Seeks Re-Election for 18th Judicial Circuit Ahead of August 23 Primary Election

Space Coast Daily 16 Aug 2022
At the time, she was studying the Constitution as part of an American history project and knew law was her passion ... in Accounting and subsequently her law degree at Stetson University College of Law ... Judge Recksiedler is committed to justice for all citizens that come before her while ensuring the rights of victims....

87 percent of suspects arrested in NY’s Nassau County freed without bail: cops

New York Post 16 Aug 2022
Nassau County Executive Bruce Blakeman presented the crime report at a press conference in East Meadow, calling on state legislators to change “woke” bail reform laws, which he and other local officials and community members slammed as “unacceptable.” ... “We need this law to change,” Vanegas, who’s lived in East Meadow since 2007, argued....

On the issues: Wells, Williams on inflation, crime and more

Auburnpub dot com 16 Aug 2022
I will oppose efforts to take guns out of the hands of law-abiding citizens, including legislation that does not include due process protections ... We must strongly enforce existing laws on the books ... I will oppose efforts to take guns out of the hands of law-abiding citizens, including legislation that does not include due process protections....

Hu Aimin, Falun Gong, and Violence: A Crucial Case for Hong Kong’s Future

Bitter Winter English 16 Aug 2022
The defense first argued that Hu had a “legal excuse” for his crimes because Falun Gong is a xie jiao, and it is the duty of patriotic Chinese citizens to stop it. Later, the defense announced a different strategy and that it would rely on the National Security Law and the fact ......

Lincoln man arrested after pursuit in northeast Nebraska

Marietta Daily Journal 16 Aug 2022
Daniel McGuane admitted to a citizen in Battle Creek that he fled from law enforcement and crashed in the area. He was then detained by a citizen at gunpoint ... ....

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